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The Daily TIP: Legal Expert: U.S. Embassy Move Would be a “Tangible Rejection” of Anti-Israel UN Resolution

Posted by Tip Staff - January 23, 2018

Legal Expert: U.S. Embassy Move Would be a “Tangible Rejection” of Anti-Israel UN Resolution
UK Jewish Group: Amnesty’s Cancellation of Event Shows “Slippery Slope” Towards Discrimination
France Accuses Iran of Violating Ballistic Missile Provision of UN Resolution
Israeli-Made Space Drones Could Extend Life of Orbiting Satellites

Legal Expert: U.S. Embassy Move Would be a “Tangible Rejection” of Anti-Israel UN Resolution

The proposed move of the United States embassy to Jerusalem, announced Monday by Vice President Mike Pence before Israel's Knesset, would serve as a "tangible rejection" of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334, which characterized Israel's presence in the Old City of Jerusalem and other areas captured by Israel in 1967 as "illegal," according to an assessment written last year by legal scholar, Eugene Kontrovich.

Kontorovich, a professor at Northwestern University School of Law and director of the Kohelet Policy Forum 's International Law Department, wrote that if the Trump administration would choose to relocate its embassy from Tel Aviv to the U.S. Consular Section in Jerusalem's Arnona neighborhood, it would mark the "most tangible rejection" of 2334's declaration that Israel's presence in any area captured in 1967 is illegal. The Arnona neighborhood, Kontorovich wrote, "is a few hundred meters over the imaginary line across which the United Nations says Jews may not go."

In addition to marking a rejection by the U.S. of resolution 2334, moving the embassy to Arnona, Kontorovich explained, "would also fulfill the Republican Party platform of moving the embassy to 'indivisible' Jerusalem, and be in accordance with the 1995 Jerusalem Embassy Act, which calls for moving the embassy to a 'unified' Jerusalem, i.e., including those parts which were reunified in 1967."

UK Jewish Group: Amnesty’s Cancellation of Event Shows “Slippery Slope” Towards Discrimination

Amnesty International U.K. has cancelled a Jewish Leadership Council (JLC) organized debate it was due to host on Wednesday, citing concerns over settlements, leaving the organization accused of blurring the lines between criticism of Israel and anti-Semitism.

The reason cited by Amnesty was that because they are “currently campaigning for all governments around the world to ban the import of goods produced in the illegal Israeli settlements” they do not “therefore, think it appropriate for Amnesty International to host an event by those actively supporting such settlements.”

The panel was to discuss the role of the UN human rights council in Israel, and included speakers Fred Carver of the United Nations Association, and Hillel Neuer of the watchdog group, UN Watch.

In response to the cancellation of the event, JLC said the decision “vindicates those who argue that there is a slippery slope from endorsing the Boycott Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement to discrimination of Jews.”

They also accused Amnesty of applying double-standards to the Jewish community, saying “There have been a number of events previously held at the AI UK premises with speakers that hold problematic views.” But “These speakers are seemingly not held to the same level of scrutiny as the Jewish community has been on this occasion,” the JLC said.

Amnesty International U.K. fosters an official partnership with the Islamist ex-Guantanamo Bay detainee Moazzam Beg and his pro-jihadist group Cage, an organization that has described Jihadi John, the British ISIS executioner, “as a beautiful, young man.”

France Accuses Iran of Violating Ballistic Missile Provision of UN Resolution

France’s foreign minister accused Iran of violating the terms of a United Nations Security Council resolution that calls on it not to develop ballistic missiles, Reuters reported Monday.

“We will also have the opportunity of underlining our firmness on Iran’s compliance with United Nations Resolution 2231, which limits access to ballistic capacity and which Iran does not respect,” French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said, as he arrived at a meeting with Europe’s foreign ministers.

UN Security Council resolution 2231 formalized the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran, “calls upon Iran not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology.”

Despite the language in the resolution, Iran’s leaders, including President Hassan Rouhani and Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, have consistently said that they would accept no limits on their ballistic missile program.

Although Iran insists that its ballistic missile program is purely defensive, in November, Hossein Salami, the lieutenant commander of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), threatened that if Europeans insisted on negotiating over Iran’s missile program, Iran would increase the range of the missiles to reach Europe.

Iran has tested ballistic missiles capable of reaching Israel and reportedly used a Star of David as a target for one of its ballistic missile tests.

A UN report recently found that Iran had supplied ballistic missiles to Houthi rebels in Yemen. This violates terms of Resolution 2231, which also prohibits Iran from exporting weapons to other countries.

Israeli-Made Space Drones Could Extend Life of Orbiting Satellites

What happens when a communications satellite runs out of juice? That’s a problem Effective Space hopes to address with its life-extending Space Drone.

Effective Space, which has its R&D center in Tel Aviv and headquarters in London, last week signed a $100 million multi-year contract with a major regional satellite operator and hopes to launch two Space Drones by 2020.

The 400-kilogram Space Drone is designed to work with satellites that are running low on fuel but are otherwise operational. A Space Drone will dock with an existing satellite and provide station-keeping and altitude-control capabilities.

Space Drone will use its own electric propulsion to maneuver into position with the target satellite, then take over maneuvering the satellite itself – either for the long-term or for shorter activities (such as moving an aging satellite into a “graveyard orbit”).

Effective Space’s managing director is Daniel Campbell, previously head of the connected car group at Israeli electric car startup Better Place. Effective Space was started in 2013 by Arie Halsband, former general manager of the space division at Israel Aerospace Industries.

Halsband said that Effective Space technology “enables satellite owners to maximize the lifespan of their hardware and run expensive fuel resources to zero before decommissioning.”

Effective Space has signed letters of intent with several customers and will be looking to raise a Series B round later in 2018. (via Israel21c)

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