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The Daily TIP: Iran Deal Architects Fail to Win Nobel Prize for Nuclear Disarmament

Posted by Tip Staff - October 06, 2017

Iran Deal Architects Fail to Win Nobel Prize for Nuclear Disarmament
Hamas Elects New Deputy Chief Known for Orchestrating 2014 Kidnappings
Lawmakers in Ohio Work to Pass Anti-Boycott Legislation in Support of Israel
Mexico Purchases Israeli Unmanned Aerial System

Iran Deal Architects Fail to Win Nobel Prize for Nuclear Disarmament

The Nobel committee has warned of a rising risk of nuclear war and called on the world's powers to start serious disarmament talks, as it awarded the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) on Friday.

The decision to select the ICAN, an international campaign group with a relatively low profile, was unexpected in a year when the architects of the 2015 nuclear deal between six world powers and Iran were tipped as favorites for the award, Reuters reported.

ICAN describes itself as a coalition of grassroots non-government groups, which operates in more than 100 nations. It began in Australia and was officially launched in Vienna in 2007.

The Iran deal, which United States President Trump has repeatedly described as "the worst deal ever negotiated," is collapsing under its own weight as the White House is expected to decertify Iran's compliance, a step towards potentially dismantling the accord.

Some experts have suggested that egregious human rights violations in Iran were the reason behind the Nobel committee’s reluctance to award the Nobel Prize to the architects of the deal.

"I think the committee has thought about the human rights situation in Iran. It would have been difficult to explain the prize even though it has a favorable view of the Iran deal," Asle Sveen, a historian of the Nobel Peace Prize, told Reuters.

The only Iranian winner of the Nobel Prize so far, 2003 laureate Shirin Ebadi, a lawyer and human rights campaigner, is living in exile.

On Wednesday, a member of the Iranian negotiating team that struck the 2015 nuclear accord was convicted of espionage and sentenced by an Iranian court to five years in prison. Abdolrasoul Dorri Esfahani has dual Iranian-Canadian citizenship. The United Nations recently criticized the Islamic Republic for detaining dual-nationals, calling it an “emerging pattern” since the nuclear deal was signed.

Hamas Elects New Deputy Chief Known for Orchestrating 2014 Kidnappings

Hamas has elected senior group member Saleh al-Arouri, a man best known for orchestrating a lethal triple kidnapping of three Israeli teenagers, as deputy chief of its influential Political Bureau, The Jerusalem Post reported Friday.

Al-Arouri is the mastermind behind a long list of terrorist attacks in the West Bank. In June 2014, a Hamas cell in the West Bank kidnapped and murdered Israeli teenagers Eyal Yifrach, Gil-ad Shaar, and Naftali Fraenkel and Israeli authorities suspected al-Arouri of coordinating the abductions. Al-Arouri later took credit for the kidnapping and killing in the name of Hamas.

The Palestinian Information Center, a Hamas news site, confirmed that al-Arouri had been elected deputy to Haniyeh and is now ”the Hamas movement’s number two man.” The statement further noted that “Twenty three years of detention and expulsion have not weakened the resolve of the leader Saleh al-Arouri.”

His promotion is seen as toughening the Islamist movement’s posture in advance of reconciliation talks with the Palestinian Authority (PA). Hamas rejected this week the PA’s demand for disarmament and has vowed to hold onto its weapons to fight Israel.

Hamas and Fatah negotiators are set to meet under Egyptian leadership in Cairo next week in an effort to end the political division between the West Bank and Gaza, which erupted after Hamas took over control and began to govern Gaza in June 2007.

Al-Arouri also plays a major part in Hamas’ attempt to establish a foothold in Lebanon with the support of the Iranian regime in a bid to intensify strategic ties with the Tehran-led Shiite axis.

Al-Arouri moved with other senior Hamas members from Qatar to Lebanon, where Iran’s Shiite proxy Hezbollah is in complete political and military control. The terrorist organization, on orders from Iran, allowed Al-Arouri to establish a foothold in the country and, about two months ago, he visited Tehran with a high-profile Hamas delegation to attend President Hassan Rouhani’s inauguration and cement the relationship.

Lawmakers in Ohio Work to Pass Anti-Boycott Legislation in Support of Israel

Lawmakers in Ohio are working to pass legislation in support of Israel and denouncing the boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) movement, especially on campuses, Shiri Moshe reported in The Algemeiner on Wednesday.

Rep. Andrew Thompson (R-Marietta) spoke in support of the House Concurrent Resolution 10 (HCR10) at the Ohio Statehouse on Thursday, a bill which is also sponsored by Rep. Dave Greenspan (R-Westlake) and supported by over two dozen other lawmakers.

“Antisemitism is not just in existence, but it’s a growing threat on college campuses across the state of Ohio,” Thompson said. “We shouldn’t kid ourselves,” he continued, “The BDS movement is about wiping Israel off the map. And if we don’t stand strongly and firmly against that, if we do not insist that our campuses protect the rights of Jewish students and allies of Israel, we could potentially face much darker outcomes.”

The resolution condemns the anti-Semitic BDS movement, which seeks to delegitimize and demonize Israel worldwide. The bill also denounces efforts to silence Israeli academics and students.

It further calls on Ohio universities to “take an active stand against all anti-Semitic actions and intimidation taken against Jewish students on their campuses,” and to rigorously enforce the right to free speech on campuses.

In March, for the third time in two years, students at Ohio State University rejected a motion calling for divestment from companies that engage in business with Israel.

A recent study, published by the Israel on Campus Coalition advocacy group, revealed that BDS activists routinely engage in “hostile disruptions of pro-Israel events” in order to pressure their opponents into silence.

In a statement, Greenspan echoed the concerns raised by Thompson. He observed that college campuses were “increasingly experiencing threats, acts of violence, and deliberate interference with the learning environment, not only for American and Israeli students, but all students.”

In December 2016, Ohio became the 14th state to enact anti-boycott legislation.

Mexico Purchases Israeli Unmanned Aerial System

An Aerostar tactical unmanned aerial system (TUAS) from Israel’s Aeronautics has been purchased by the Mexican government through Balam Security (Balam Seguridad Privada S.A. de C.V.), a vendor of military equipment and security systems in Latin America.

The size of the deal was not disclosed, but it is estimated at $15 million, including the peripheral systems and support and integration services. Under the agreement, Balam Security is providing active and comprehensive support to install and integrate the system, which features advanced cyber systems for intelligence gathering.

Aerostar has a range of advanced intelligence-gathering tools plus digital-communications capabilities, a ground-control station and optional interface with the customer’s command-and-control system. The Aerostar currently is in service with 15 security services, armies and intelligence organizations worldwide, including with the allied forces in Afghanistan.

“The Aerostar UAV will allow the Mexicans to gather intelligence and benefit from the real-time target acquisition and surveillance capabilities, while integrating with the client’s current systems,” said Balam Security CEO Asaf Zanzuri.

“The project includes the supply of all the peripheral systems and operational support for the UAV, the communications systems, and the distribution of reliable intelligence in real time, as well as the training of the operating crews and technicians,” he added.

Aeronautics, based in the Israeli city of Yavneh, previously supplied Mexico its Dominator XP UAV through Balam Security. The system was fully integrated last year

(via Israel21c)

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