On November 23, the P5+1 global powers and Iran announced that they had struck an interim deal on Tehran's nuclear program. The news triggered heated debate both on the substance of the deal itself, and on how those terms will re-position the players as they enter into negotiations over a final deal.
Specific controversies are already emerging over the exact nature of the concessions offered by the U.S. and its allies. What is the actual value of the financial relief offered by the U.S.? Is Iran correct in insisting that the West recognize it has a "right" to enrich? Meanwhile there are ongoing questions about the reversibility and timing of Iranian concessions, as opposed to the likely immediate sanctions relief provided by the U.S. These and other questions will be critical in evaluating what leverage the P5+1 has going into final negotiations, as well as what's still up for grabs.
Danielle Pletka, vice president for foreign and defense policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), has been a leading figure in highlighting both the opportunities and the potential pitfalls of negotiations with Iran. She joined The Israel Project for an on-record conference call to discuss the interim deal and how it will likely effect the coming months politically and diplomatically.
About The Speaker
As a long-time Senate Committee on Foreign Relations senior professional staff member for the Near East and South Asia, Danielle Pletka was the point person on Middle East, Pakistan, India and Afghanistan issues. As the vice president for foreign and defense policy studies at AEI, Pletka writes on national security matters with a focus on Iran and weapons proliferation, the Middle East, Syria, Israel and the Arab Spring. She also studies and writes about South Asia: Pakistan, India and Afghanistan.
Pletka is the co-editor of “Dissent and Reform in the Arab World: Empowering Democrats” (AEI Press, 2008) and the co-author of “Containing and Deterring a Nuclear Iran” (AEI Press, 2011). Her most recent study, “Iranian influence in the Levant, Egypt, Iraq, and Afghanistan,” was published in May 2012. She is currently working on a follow-up report on U.S.–Iranian competitive strategies in the Middle East, to be published in the winter of 2013.