Daily TIP

U.S. gave Iran secret exemptions to nuclear deal, allowing it to evade restrictions

Posted by Tip Staff - September 01, 2016


 

Iran was granted secret exemptions to the nuclear deal by the U.S. and other global powers, allowing Iran to skirt restrictions imposed on it by last year’s nuclear deal, a nuclear nonproliferation think tank reported on Thursday. Without these secret exemptions to the deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), “some of Iran’s nuclear facilities would not have been in compliance with the JCPOA by Implementation Day [January 16],” a senior official told the Institute for Science and International Security. Furthermore, as David Albright, the founder and president of the think tank, told Reuters, “The exemptions or loopholes are happening in secret, and it appears that they favor Iran.” The report detailed three areas in which the Iranians had received these secret exemptions, including allowing the Islamic Republic to have more low-enriched uranium (LEU) and bigger “hot cells”—shielded storage containers for nuclear materials—than the deal specified.
The think tank confirmed that the U.S. and its negotiating partners are planning to maintain the old exemptions and create new ones: the P5+1 nations recently “created a Technical Working Group to consider further exemptions to Iran’s stock of 3.5 percent low enriched uranium. This cap is set at 300 kg of LEU hexafluoride but Iran apparently has or could exceed the cap if no further exemptions are granted by the Joint Commission.” The report continued that “there is concern that the newly formed Technical Working Group will lay the basis to exempt more LEU from the cap” and that the decision-making process around this issue would be conducted in private.
While the administration has insisted that it had briefed Congress “frequently and comprehensively” on this issue, Sen. Bob Menendez (D-N.J.), a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations committee, told Reuters that he “was not aware nor did I receive any briefing [on the exemptions].”
Experts explained to Reuters that “if the total amount of LEU Iran possesses is unknown, it is impossible to know how much weapons-grade uranium it could yield.” The think tank has previously calculated that, without the exemptions, Iran’s breakout time to a nuclear weapon would be seven months in the first decade of the deal and four months by year 13. With the exemptions, these breakout times would shrink because Iran would have more nuclear material on hand.

 

Microprocessor giant Intel on Tuesday introduced its “strongest and fastest ever” core processor chip, which was developed by the company’s team in Haifa, Israel.
Ran Senderovitz, general manager of Intel’s Israel Development Centers, said that the seventh generation processor, code-named Kaby Lake, will run applications up to 12 percent faster compared to Intel’s sixth generation processors and speed up internet use by 19 percent, Globes Online reported.
In practical terms, Senderovitz said, “if you have computer at home that is four or five years old and then bought a PC with a seventh generation processor you’d see an improvement in speed of up to 70% in routine tasks.”
The most notable improvement is likely to be in the speed of video playback, according to Senderovitz. The new chip is scheduled to arrive in stores this month.
“When we started out on the project, we were only thinking about basic improvements from the previous generation,” Senderovitz said. “But we began looking at things differently with a lot of innovation and determination and we achieved major improvements. We are talking about amazing technologies, technologies of 14 nanometers, which is like taking a hair and dividing it by 8,000. The Israeli team has done it again and accomplished achievements that we did not see in the Olympics – a year-on-year improvement of above 10%. The product will sell millions of units for billions of dollars.”
The Kaby Lake processor was built on the foundation of the company’s Skylake processor, which was also produced in Israel, The Times of Israel reported. The chip will be used to power ultra-thin notebooks and two-in-one laptop-tablet hybrids, as it features smaller batteries and does not require a fan.
Intel’s main development center in Israel, which was established in 1974 as the company’s first design and development hub outside of the United States, has been credited with some of the microprocessor giant’s most advanced products. Before Skylake, the center produced both the Sandy Bridge and Ivy Bridge processors, which power many computers currently in use. Intel has produced and exported over one billion processors from Israel, including the 8088, which was the first processor developed for personal computers, and the Pentium MMX, which was the most popular processor in the 20th century. (via TheTower.org)

 
Five experts from the Israel Trauma Coalition (ITC) will fly to Berlin on September 11 to give five days of training to clinicians, caregivers and volunteers working with Mideast refugees in two temporary shelters. ITC Director Tali Levanon went to Berlin six weeks ago to assess the situation and will lead the delegation from Israel. “There are many thousands of Syrian and other refugees in Berlin. We’ve been invited by two shelters, each housing about 350 men, women and children for about six months until they get permits to relocate elsewhere in Germany,” Levanon says. “The teams are very dedicated but are not trained in trauma or helping displaced people,” she continues. “The refugees carry the stories of war back home, of the journey to Germany, which is often very traumatic, and of trying to manage in a new country where they don’t know the culture or language.” The Israelis will focus on two aspects: giving the staff basic tools of emotional first aid to better serve the refugees, and building their own cohesion and ability to avoid compassion fatigue and burnout. (via Israel21c)

 


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